18. WESTERN RED CEDAR


18 - THUJAThe western red cedar, Thuja plicata is an evergreen conifer native of the United States of America. it is a fast growing tree with bark which shreds and has a wide spreading branches.

The foliage of Thuja has a pleasant fruity aroma when rubed or a tiny piece crushed. It is tolerant of shade and makes an excellent hedge. Though too big for many gardens there are other species and varieties that are popular with gardeners.

Thuja 'Rhinegold' is a low growing mound of gold foliage often used in rockeries

Thuja ‘Rhinegold’ is a low growing mound of gold foliage often used in rockeries

Varieties of Thuja occidentalis, also from north America, are often planted including T. occidentalis  ‘Rhinegold’. It grows into a low spreading mound and has golden foliage in sumer which turns a warm rusty colour in winter. Due to its compact growth habit it is often planted in small gardens/

Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd' is a variety that grows tall and narrow.

Thuja occidentalis ‘Smaragd’ is a variety that grows tall and narrow.

Another variety of T. occidentalis is T. ‘Smaragd’ often sold as T. ‘Emerald’. It can grow to 5 metres high but maintains a narrow columnar habit.

Thuja varieties trained into standard ornamental trees

Thuja varieties trained into standard ornamental trees