12- WOODLAND HABITATS


 

S12- WOODLAND HABITATEach species of tree is a home for  insects, birds, lichen and fungi. Lower growing plants such as primroses and ferns grow in its shade. Fallen leaves, broken branches and dead plant material  get incorporated into the soil by worms and insects, fungi and bacteria break everything down to release nutrients and enrich the soil. Birds and animals such as mice, hedgehog and even squirrels live off insects, seeds and fruits that are abundant in the woodland. A woodland is a natural habitat that sustains itself.

EVEN FALLEN TREES ARE HOME TO WILDLIFE

EVEN FALLEN TREES ARE HOME TO WILDLIFE

Trees and woodlands form complex webs of life. Trees such as oak and willows can be homes to large number of insects that feed only on them – as many as 450 species, thats a lot of bugs!

MATURE WOODLAND

MATURE WOODLAND

Woodlands are composed of a variety of trees and shrubs of differing heights. The layers will normally include a canopy layer; tall trees such as oak and ash. Aan under-storey layer composed of shrubs such as hawthorn, holly and hazel. The ground cover layer will be made up of a variety of ferns, grasses, sedges woodland flowers and moss.

A CARPET OF WOOD SORREL, OXALIS ACETOSELLA- YOU CAN EAT THE LEAVES!

A CARPET OF WOOD SORREL, OXALIS ACETOSELLA- YOU CAN EAT THE LEAVES!

Even dead wood and fallen trees are  important habitats, they support a wide range of very specialised insects and fungi. The next time you visit a woodland try looking under an old piece of wood with a magnifying glass and see how many different insects are living there…

 

FUNGI GROWING ON  TREE STUMP

FUNGI GROWING ON
TREE STUMP

 

STEMS OF THE TREE ARE HOME TO MOSSES AND LICHENS

STEMS OF THE TREE ARE HOME TO MOSSES AND LICHENS

 

AWOOD ANEMONE, ANEMONE NEMOROSA FORM CARPETS OF FLOWER OVER THE WOODLAND FLOOR IN SPRING- KILMOVEE WOODS, CO. MAYO

AWOOD ANEMONE, ANEMONE NEMOROSA FORM CARPETS OF FLOWER OVER THE WOODLAND FLOOR IN SPRING- KILMOVEE WOODS, CO. MAYO

 

BERIES PROVIDE FOOD FOR BIRDS AND HUMANS TOO. SORBUS AUCUPARIA, ROWAN OR MOUNTAIN ASH CAN BE MADE INTO A JAM

BERIES PROVIDE FOOD FOR BIRDS AND HUMANS TOO. SORBUS AUCUPARIA, ROWAN OR MOUNTAIN ASH CAN BE MADE INTO A JAM

 

WOODLAND PATH

WOODLAND PATH